Not everyone is able to write paper, even the one who is not the first year to go to college. For this you need experience and a desire to create. The most important thing is to stick to the rules below, and your paper will be one of the success.
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Needless to say, grammatical and spelling errors in paper should be absent – make every effort to this. In addition, you need to remember that you do not write for yourself, but for another person, so punctuation, division into sentences and paragraphs, the general structure – all this should help the reader.
Avoid conversational elements:
- do not use abbreviations (don’t, they’re, it’s), always use the full form;
- do not use slang and colloquial terms (kid, a lot of / lots of, cool);
- write on the merits and do not deviate from the topic;
- try to avoid phrasal verbs (get off, get away with, put in – read more about phrasal verbs in our article), use single-word synonyms;
- Avoid too common words (all, any, every), be specific and accurate;
- Do not abuse brackets, exclamation marks.
Stick to academic style:
- if possible, avoid first-person personal pronouns (I, my, we, our);
- avoid too categorical judgments and generalizations;
- support what was said with quotations and data indicating sources;
- In English, gender equality is important: if we are talking about an abstract person, use a person instead of a man. If possible, it is better to put the subject in the plural and use the pronoun they instead of he or she;
- If possible, use the active voice, do not complicate the sentences. For example, instead of “Crime grew faster and the police began to show concern”, write: “The rapid increase in crime began to cause concern the police ”).
Strive to give objectivity to the text:
- use impersonal constructions: It is believed that … (“It is believed that …”), It cannot be argued that … (“Undoubtedly, …”);
- use the passive voice if you do not want to specify the performer of the action: Tests have been conducted (“Tests were held …”);
- use non-categorical verbs, for example: suggest (suggest, suppose, express opinion), claim (assert, state), suppose (assume, suppose, suppose);
Each paragraph usually covers one aspect of the main idea. Two paragraphs may relate to different aspects, but be interrelated – for example, cause and effect, positive and negative sides, state of affairs before or after. Sometimes the first sentence of a paragraph is introductory, that is, explaining what it will be about.